What is sin biblically speaking?
there are quite a few words in greek and hebrew that are rendered in the english simply as sin here is what I found
H817 ‘asham ä·shäm’ trespass offering, trespass, offering for sin, sin, guiltiness
H819 ‘ashmah ash·mä’ trespass, sin, offend, trespass offering
H2398 chata’ khä·tä’ sin, purify, cleanse, sinner, committed, offended, blame, done, fault, harm, loss, miss, offender, purge, reconciliation, sinful, trespass
H2399 chet’ khāt sin, faults, grievously, offences
H2401 chata’ah khat·ä·ä’ sin, sin offering
H2402 chatta’ah (Aramaic) khat·tä·ä’ sin offering
H2403 chatta’ath khat·tä·ä’ sin, sin offering, punishment, purification for sin, purifying, sinful, sinner
H2408 chatiy (Aramaic) khat·ē’ sin
H2409 chattaya’ (Aramaic) khat·tä·yä’ sin offering
H5512 Ciyn sēn Sin
H5771 `avon ä·vōn’ iniquity, punishment, fault, Iniquities, mischief, sin
H6588 pesha` peh’·shah transgression, trespass, sin, rebellion
H7683 shagag shä·gag’ err, flesh, sin ignorantly, deceived, went astray
H7686 shagah shä·gä’ err, ravished, wander, deceiver, cause to go astray, sin through ignorance, go astray, deceived
New Testament (Greek) for “sin”
G264 hamartanō hä-mär-tä’-nō sin, trespass, offend, for your faults
G265 hamartēma hä-mä’r-tā-mä sin
G266 hamartia hä-mär-tē’-ä sin, sinful, offense
G361 anamartētos ä-nä-mä’r-tā-tos without sin
G3900 paraptōma pä-rä’p-tō-mä trespass, offence, sin, fall, fault
G4258 proamartanō pro-ä-mär-tä’-nō sin already, sin heretofore
The word sin in the english first appears in the english bible
Gen 4:7 “If you do well, [fn]will not your countenance be lifted up? And if you do not do well, sin is crouching at the door; and its desire is for you, but you must master it.”
in this verse it is defined in the hebrew as
חַטָּאָה chaṭṭâʼâh, khat-taw-aw’; or חַטָּאת chaṭṭâʼth; from H2398; an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation; also (concretely) an offender:—punishment (of sin), purifying(-fication for sin), sin(-ner, offering).
simply speaking sin is usually a wrong,failure mistake. It usually means missing the mark.
How does this apply to us now? Well its quite very simple how it applies to us. We all make mistakes right? Well God in all His awesomeness knew we would make mistakes. He has seen all our mistakes that we could possibly make before we have ever made them. Imagine when sin entered the world it caused a chaotic downhill plunge. It allowed mistakes to happen in what was originally intended to be a perfect reality. I believe God allowed all these things to happen because as a new creation just to teach us a universal lesson. We are made in Gods image but we are not God we are not perfect. And as a child/descendant of the almighty we are not intended to be perfect. But as a child we need to learn from our mistakes. We are all unique in our very own way. No two people are exactly alike. No you has ever existed before now. So how does sin affect our lives? Well when we make mistakes whether intentionally or unintentionally it causes a ripple effect in our lives and the lives around us. Whether big or small it happens. If we were to all follow Gods ways (loving one another,choosing to give rather than receive,we choose his perfect infinite true reality.) Love is eternal. IF you give to others and others did the same to you. We would all have plenty. It’s a perfect mixture of giving that ensures we all have exactly what we need no more no less. God always provides for us whether we see it or not. In the scripture it says God IS LOVE
[1Jo 4:8, 16 NASB] 8 The one who does not love does not know God, for God is love. …
16 We have come to know and have believed the love which God has for us. God is love, and the one who abides in love abides in God, and God abides in him.
Simply if we don’t love one another and care for each other we will continue to see hate and all this negativity in the world,we will always be at odds with one another. God has a different path for us though. He has made in very clear in the scriptures that we should treat others as we would like to be treated.
This Is exactly what Jesus said to those who he was speaking to and if you have love and an open ear this will make sense to you.
[Luk 6:20 NASB]
And turning His gaze toward His disciples, He began to say, “Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God.
[Luk 6:21 NASB]
“Blessed are you who hunger now, for you shall be satisfied. Blessed are you who weep now, for you shall laugh.
[Luk 6:22 NASB]
“Blessed are you when men hate you, and ostracize you, and insult you, and scorn your name as evil, for the sake of the Son of Man.
[Luk 6:23 NASB]
“Be glad in that day and leap for joy, for behold, your reward is great in heaven. For in the same way their fathers used to treat the prophets.
[Luk 6:24 NASB]
“But woe to you who are rich, for you are receiving your comfort in full.
[Luk 6:25 NASB]
“Woe to you who are well-fed now, for you shall be hungry. Woe to you who laugh now, for you shall mourn and weep.
[Luk 6:26 NASB]
“Woe to you when all men speak well of you, for their fathers used to treat the false prophets in the same way.
[Luk 6:27 NASB]
“But I say to you who hear, love your enemies, do good to those who hate you,
[Luk 6:28 NASB]
bless those who curse you, pray for those who mistreat you.
[Luk 6:29 NASB]
“Whoever hits you on the cheek, offer him the other also; and whoever takes away your coat, do not withhold your shirt from him either.
[Luk 6:30 NASB]
“Give to everyone who asks of you, and whoever takes away what is yours, do not demand it back.
[Luk 6:31 NASB]
“Treat others the same way you want them to treat you.
[Luk 6:32 NASB]
“If you love those who love you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners love those who love them.
[Luk 6:33 NASB]
“If you do good to those who do good to you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners do the same.
[Luk 6:34 NASB]
“If you lend to those from whom you expect to receive, what credit is that to you? Even sinners lend to sinners in order to receive back the same amount.
[Luk 6:35 NASB]
“But love your enemies, and do good, and lend, expecting nothing in return; and your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High; for He Himself is kind to ungrateful and evil men.
[Luk 6:36 NASB]
“Be merciful, just as your Father is merciful.
[Luk 6:37 NASB]
“Do not judge, and you will not be judged; and do not condemn, and you will not be condemned; pardon, and you will be pardoned.
[Luk 6:38 NASB]
“Give, and it will be given to you. They will pour into your lap a good measure–pressed down, shaken together, and running over. For by your standard of measure it will be measured to you in return.”
[Luk 6:39 NASB]
And He also spoke a parable to them: “A blind man cannot guide a blind man, can he? Will they not both fall into a pit?
[Luk 6:40 NASB]
“A pupil is not above his teacher; but everyone, after he has been fully trained, will be like his teacher.
[Luk 6:41 NASB]
“Why do you look at the speck that is in your brother’s eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye?
[Luk 6:42 NASB]
“Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Brother, let me take out the speck that is in your eye,’ when you yourself do not see the log that is in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take out the speck that is in your brother’s eye.
[Luk 6:43 NASB]
“For there is no good tree which produces bad fruit, nor, on the other hand, a bad tree which produces good fruit.
[Luk 6:44 NASB]
“For each tree is known by its own fruit. For men do not gather figs from thorns, nor do they pick grapes from a briar bush.
[Luk 6:45 NASB]
“The good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings forth what is good; and the evil man out of the evil treasure brings forth what is evil; for his mouth speaks from that which fills his heart.
[Luk 6:46 NASB]
“Why do you call Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ and do not do what I say?
[Luk 6:47 NASB]
“Everyone who comes to Me and hears My words and acts on them, I will show you whom he is like:
[Luk 6:48 NASB]
he is like a man building a house, who dug deep and laid a foundation on the rock; and when a flood occurred, the torrent burst against that house and could not shake it, because it had been well built.
[Luk 6:49 NASB]
“But the one who has heard and has not acted accordingly, is like a man who built a house on the ground without any foundation; and the torrent burst against it and immediately it collapsed, and the ruin of that house was great.”
Jesus was far more than simply a great teacher. He came not only to save the world from our sin and ourselves. He came to make the scriptures make absolute sense. He is the WORD incarnate is,Jesus is the very law God spoke. Just as your own voice is a projection of yourself and yet it is you. Jesus is the very Word of God manifested in flesh. Its kinda mind blowing to even comprehend but yes JESUS IS GOD! I like to imagine God the father,outside of time and space chose to focus himself into one point and become a human being. While also being fully God in heaven He was here on earth with us also. I feel God gave us His Son as the perfect human example of how we should treat one another and also to show us that He knows how we feel. He has felt all these human emotions just like we have. He is not unknowable. He even died for us just as we would die for our own children. If our children were in danger we would do anything to save them the pain and suffering. Many would ask couldn’t God just take hell away and be done with it? Well yeah im sure He could but what would that teach us? Nothing. We need to realize we are eternal spirits just as God is an eternal spirit with no beginning and end. We have been made finite by being incarnated into these shells we call the body,we can experience time. As eternal beings we need to realize we have been cursed by God. We now have a choice to choose good or evil. It WILL be balanced out like many cultures believe such as a yin and yang. It will be fully separated out when God returns to live among us. See this life with its ups and downs as a way of God letting us choose. Do we want to be separated from His eternal goodness or would we rather step on others now to get these temporal things? We have been promised these things and also we have consequences to our disobedience. I have chosen to realize what I truly am. I am a spirit that has a body. And like scripture says. I needed to be “born again” not in this temporal body as a mortal but as a Child Of God who will inherit eternal life just as he intended! Imagine a world of eternal beings commiting evil at all times? Kinda would suck and we would never see an end to suffering. In all of Gods mercy He has limited this evil to run its course for a short time.Yeah there is evil in this world but it all comes down to our own conscious choices. We have been given dominion over this world to care for it as it says in genesis.
[Gen 1:26 NASB]
Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; and let them rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over the cattle and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”
[Gen 1:27 NASB]
God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.
[Gen 1:28 NASB]
God blessed them; and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it; and rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”
As the very children of God we have the greatest responsibility to take care of this world we have been blessed with and the people we have also.
God tells us in the scripture to “repent” of our sins and turn to him.
So im sure you want to know what does repent even mean?
Well Jesus says to Repent for the Kingdom Of Heaven is at hand!
This is the greek word behind the english “repent”
metanoeō me-tä-no-e’-ō (Key)
Part of Speech Root Word (Etymology)
verb From μετά (G3326) and νοέω (G3539)
Vine’s Expository Dictionary: View Entry
TDNT Reference: 4:975,636
Trench’s Synonyms: lxix. μετανοέω, μεταμέλομαι.
KJV Translation Count — Total: 34x
The KJV translates Strongs G3340 in the following manner: repent (34x).
Outline of Biblical Usage [?]
1. to change one’s mind, i.e. to repent
2. to change one’s mind for better, heartily to amend with abhorrence of one’s past sins
“Repentance (metanoia, ‘change of mind’) involves a turning with contrition from sin to God; the repentant sinner is in the proper condition to accept the divine forgiveness.” (F. F. Bruce. The Acts of the Apostles [Greek Text Commentary], London: Tyndale, 1952, p. 97.)
Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
μετανοέω metanoéō, met-an-o-eh’-o; from G3326 and G3539; to think differently or afterwards, i.e. reconsider (morally, feel compunction):—repent.
In modern terms it means to turn away,think differently ,reconsider.
We must always think about our actions,at work,at home with our children with our friends. Our choices like I said earlier affect everyone around us. We must always choose Gods way which Is love! We must always ask ourselves what would Jesus do? He is God in the flesh so we have an example of how to treat one another. Trust me this doesn’t happen over night either we will always screw up. We are not perfect. BUT! We are also told in scripture to be perfect as our Heavenly father IS perfect!
[Mat 5:1 NASB]
When Jesus saw the crowds, He went up on the mountain; and after He sat down, His disciples came to Him.
[Mat 5:2 NASB]
He opened His mouth and began to teach them, saying,
[Mat 5:3 NASB]
“Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
[Mat 5:4 NASB]
“Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.
[Mat 5:5 NASB]
“Blessed are the gentle, for they shall inherit the earth.
[Mat 5:6 NASB]
“Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.
[Mat 5:7 NASB]
“Blessed are the merciful, for they shall receive mercy.
[Mat 5:8 NASB]
“Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.
[Mat 5:9 NASB]
“Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God.
[Mat 5:10 NASB]
“Blessed are those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
[Mat 5:11 NASB]
“Blessed are you when people insult you and persecute you, and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of Me.
[Mat 5:12 NASB]
“Rejoice and be glad, for your reward in heaven is great; for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.
[Mat 5:13 NASB]
“You are the salt of the earth; but if the salt has become tasteless, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled under foot by men.
[Mat 5:14 NASB]
“You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden;
[Mat 5:15 NASB]
nor does anyone light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on the lampstand, and it gives light to all who are in the house.
[Mat 5:16 NASB]
“Let your light shine before men in such a way that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.
[Mat 5:17 NASB]
“Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill.
[Mat 5:18 NASB]
“For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished.
[Mat 5:19 NASB]
“Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
[Mat 5:20 NASB]
“For I say to you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven.
[Mat 5:21 NASB]
“You have heard that the ancients were told, ‘YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT MURDER’ and ‘Whoever commits murder shall be liable to the court.’
[Mat 5:22 NASB]
“But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother shall be guilty before the court; and whoever says to his brother, ‘You good-for-nothing,’ shall be guilty before the supreme court; and whoever says, ‘You fool,’ shall be guilty enough to go into the fiery hell.
[Mat 5:23 NASB]
“Therefore if you are presenting your offering at the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you,
[Mat 5:24 NASB]
leave your offering there before the altar and go; first be reconciled to your brother, and then come and present your offering.
[Mat 5:25 NASB]
“Make friends quickly with your opponent at law while you are with him on the way, so that your opponent may not hand you over to the judge, and the judge to the officer, and you be thrown into prison.
[Mat 5:26 NASB]
“Truly I say to you, you will not come out of there until you have paid up the last cent.
[Mat 5:27 NASB]
“You have heard that it was said, ‘YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT ADULTERY’;
[Mat 5:28 NASB]
but I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart.
[Mat 5:29 NASB]
“If your right eye makes you stumble, tear it out and throw it from you; for it is better for you to lose one of the parts of your body, than for your whole body to be thrown into hell.
[Mat 5:30 NASB]
“If your right hand makes you stumble, cut it off and throw it from you; for it is better for you to lose one of the parts of your body, than for your whole body to go into hell.
[Mat 5:31 NASB]
“It was said, ‘WHOEVER SENDS HIS WIFE AWAY, LET HIM GIVE HER A CERTIFICATE OF DIVORCE’;
[Mat 5:32 NASB]
but I say to you that everyone who divorces his wife, except for the reason of unchastity, makes her commit adultery; and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.
[Mat 5:33 NASB]
“Again, you have heard that the ancients were told, ‘YOU SHALL NOT MAKE FALSE VOWS, BUT SHALL FULFILL YOUR VOWS TO THE LORD.’
[Mat 5:34 NASB]
“But I say to you, make no oath at all, either by heaven, for it is the throne of God,
[Mat 5:35 NASB]
or by the earth, for it is the footstool of His feet, or by Jerusalem, for it is THE CITY OF THE GREAT KING.
[Mat 5:36 NASB]
“Nor shall you make an oath by your head, for you cannot make one hair white or black.
[Mat 5:37 NASB]
“But let your statement be, ‘Yes, yes’ or ‘No, no’; anything beyond these is of evil.
[Mat 5:38 NASB]
“You have heard that it was said, ‘AN EYE FOR AN EYE, AND A TOOTH FOR A TOOTH.’
[Mat 5:39 NASB]
“But I say to you, do not resist an evil person; but whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also.
[Mat 5:40 NASB]
“If anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, let him have your coat also.
[Mat 5:41 NASB]
“Whoever forces you to go one mile, go with him two.
[Mat 5:42 NASB]
“Give to him who asks of you, and do not turn away from him who wants to borrow from you.
[Mat 5:43 NASB]
“You have heard that it was said, ‘YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR and hate your enemy.’
[Mat 5:44 NASB]
“But I say to you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you,
[Mat 5:45 NASB]
so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven; for He causes His sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.
[Mat 5:46 NASB]
“For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same?
[Mat 5:47 NASB]
“If you greet only your brothers, what more are you doing than others? Do not even the Gentiles do the same?
[Mat 5:48 NASB]
“Therefore you are to be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.
This was said after Jesus spoke to the crowds in how we should treat one another.
So in the end we must stop actively choosing to make these simple mistakes and rather turn away from these foolish choices. We must always choose to love the person around us especially those who are hardest to love. They need it the most. You can only make your own choices and change your own life. As much as we want to have everyone choose our same path. God has allowed them to make the same choices. He wants us to turn to Him and His ways. He has a life planned out for us. But in this age we are in its not going to be easy but nothing worth while never truly comes easy. We are going to suffer because this evil and negativity rules in this temporal time. God is fair and he has appointed a time for this all to finally come to an end. So since you do not know whether you may die tomorrow or 5 minutes from now. Choose to always strive to be better,do your best to be perfect everyday. And realize God has given us the Grace through the simple faith in the sacrifice on the cross to make those mistakes and continually try and perfect ourselves. So repent everyone for the kingdom of heaven is at hand!!